What Diseases Do Oral Surgeons Treat?

Oral surgeons are highly trained professionals who specialize in treating a variety of conditions that affect the mouth, teeth, and jaw. From tooth extractions to dental implants, these specialists can provide a range of treatments to help restore oral health. Common conditions that may require an oral surgeon include impacted wisdom teeth, severe tooth decay, gum disease, dental trauma, and complications with wisdom teeth. In addition, they can also perform complex extractions, such as impacted wisdom teeth, and place dental implants to replace missing natural teeth.

They may also be called upon to treat sleep apnea, cleft lips and cleft palate, and facial injuries. The most common type of oral surgery is tooth extraction. This procedure is recommended if you have severe tooth decay, gum disease (periodontitis), dental trauma, or complications with your wisdom teeth. Sometimes, tooth extractions are performed to prepare you for dentures or other prosthetic devices.

During periodontal surgery, your provider may place a bone graft to reduce mobility and provide a strong foundation for the teeth. Dental implants are widely considered to be the most reliable and durable tooth replacement option available. These small threaded posts made of medical grade titanium or zirconium are embedded in the jawbone to replace the roots of missing teeth. Once the implants are healed, they can be restored with dental crowns, dental bridges, or dentures.

If you have moderate or severe periodontitis, a gum specialist may recommend treatment for gum disease. During this procedure, incisions are made along the gum line and tissue is temporarily removed from the teeth. The surgeon will then clean the roots of the teeth, removing plaque and bacteria that have accumulated under the gums. Finally, the gum tissue is repositioned and stitched in place.

Sleep apnea occurs when a person stops breathing while sleeping. The position of the jaw often turns out to be the cause. Excess tissue or enlargement of the tongue and tonsils can also cause a problem. However, you can undergo a surgical procedure when other methods fail.

This procedure removes some of the excess soft tissue in the back of the mouth or jaw. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons have the capacity to provide patients with safe and effective ambulatory anesthesia, including local anesthesia, nitrous oxide, intravenous sedation, and general anesthesia. If you notice white or red spots, an abnormal lump, chronic sore throat or hoarseness, or difficulty chewing or swallowing, you should contact your oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Oral surgery is a broad term for any operation that is performed on the teeth, gums, jaw, or surrounding oral and facial structures. For example, if you've been involved in an accident and need oral surgery in a hospital, your health insurance will likely cover it. Your surgeon can offer you sedation options for your comfort such as nitrous oxide, oral medications or moderate or deep intravenous (IV) sedation. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons work as part of a team of health specialists to correct these problems through a series of treatments and surgical procedures over many years.

They will also take dental x-rays and scans to get a clear view of the teeth, roots, jaw nerves and other important oral reference points. Impacted wisdom teeth that have partially or completely emerged tend to be very difficult to clean and are susceptible to cavities recurrent infections and even gum disease. The length of the procedure will depend on several factors such as the type of oral surgery you are undergoing the number of teeth being treated and whether or not you choose sedation. Whether it's a facial injury or a broken jaw an oral surgeon will evaluate the patient and treat him accordingly. The overall goal of oral surgery is to address any problem that interferes with your health or quality of life.

Mónica Dahlheimer
Mónica Dahlheimer

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