Oral surgery is a major procedure that carries a number of risks and complications. Infection is the most common risk associated with any type of surgery, and oral surgery is no exception. People with diabetes or weakened immune systems are more likely to develop post-surgical infections. Signs of infection include fever, abnormal swelling, pus, and a bad taste in the mouth.
Oral surgeons may prescribe antibiotics to treat infections. Injuries to adjacent teeth, fillings, or bridges may occur during extraction. Dry alveolitis is a painful complication that can develop after tooth extraction if the clot that forms in the cavity left by the extracted tooth breaks off prematurely. Nerve irritation can cause decreased or total loss of sensation in areas such as the lips, tongue, cheeks, chin, teeth, or gums. This numbness usually goes away in 24 hours or less, but permanent numbness can occur. The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) supports the mandible above the skull.
Removing wisdom teeth can cause inflammation and pain in the TMJ, especially if you have a pre-existing TMJ problem. Oral surgeons take steps to reduce the risk of infection while maintaining high hygiene standards. Patients can help reduce this risk by eating well and exercising moderately before surgery. Dry alveolitis is a condition in which an empty tooth socket takes much longer to heal due to reduced blood flow. This risk is usually related to smoking or poor oral hygiene after surgery.
Sinus problems can occur if wisdom teeth are removed from the upper jaw area. Usually these problems resolve on their own, but if they persist, talk to your oral surgeon about treatment. After oral surgery, you will be given detailed postoperative instructions. It's important to follow these guidelines closely to reduce the risk of bleeding, infection, and other complications. If you experience pain that won't go away with medication, a fever of 100.4°F or higher, or oozing at the site of surgery, call your surgeon right away. The present findings indicate that hypoalbuminemia and prolonged duration of surgery are significant risk factors for postoperative complications in patients who undergo oral surgery.
Diabetes may also increase the risk of postoperative complications. Professional oral health care can reduce the risk of postoperative complications in cases of oral surgery. Oral surgery is just as serious as other types of surgery and involves the same number of risks. If you've been involved in an accident and need oral surgery in a hospital, your health insurance will likely cover it. To reduce your risk of complications from oral surgery, make sure you follow your surgeon's instructions carefully and practice good oral hygiene before and after your procedure. If you experience any signs of infection or other complications after your procedure, contact your surgeon right away.