What Are the Side Effects of Oral Surgery?

Alveolitis sicca, a painful condition that can occur after a tooth has been extracted, is one of the side effects associated with oral surgery. All surgical procedures have some common side effects, such as pain, swelling, and some bleeding. There are also some not-so-common side effects. Every time surgery is done, there is a small chance that an infection will occur later.

Any infection should be taken seriously and reported to your oral and maxillofacial surgeon, who will prescribe the appropriate antibiotics to treat the problem. Signs of infection include fever, abnormal swelling and pain, bad or prolonged salty taste, and pus formation. Complications after a dental procedure, including swelling and pain, alveolitis, osteomyelitis, bleeding and osteonecrosis of the jaw, constitute another set of urgent dental problems. These urgent dental problems include toothaches, fractures, and loosening.

Swelling is common after certain dental procedures, in particular tooth extraction (extraction) and periodontal surgery. Placing an ice pack or a plastic bag with frozen peas or corn (that fits the shape of the face) on the cheek can prevent much of the swelling. Ice therapy can be used for the first 18 hours. The cold should be kept on the cheek for periods of 25 minutes every one to two hours.

If the swelling persists or increases after 3 days or if the pain is severe, an infection may have developed and the person should contact the dentist. The incidence of complications in oral surgery in this study reached 3.57%, mainly in extractive and postoperative procedures. Oral surgeons perform everything from tooth extraction to reconstructive surgery and everything in between, including bone grafts, dental implants, and treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders. The incidence of complications after oral surgery was generally calculated by type of procedure and by type of complication using rates. The sample consisted of 532 patients who underwent oral surgical procedures and 19 cases of infectious postoperative complications. The main objective of this study was to determine the incidence of infectious complications after oral surgery in patients over 12 years of age treated at the San Borja Arriarán Hospital in Santiago de Chile.

The secondary objectives are to perform a descriptive analysis in relation to the characteristics of the patients included, to describe the rate of complications depending on the oral surgery procedure performed and to describe the different types of complications and the incidence depending on the type of procedure. The most common oral surgery procedure with the most complications was the removal of the third molars. Oral surgery is a form of dentistry that treats and treats a wide variety of diseases and injuries in and around the mouth. The risk of infection due to oral surgery is rare, as the oral surgeon and his team take every precaution to avoid bacterial contamination. However, as with any surgical procedure, you should be aware of possible complications before consenting to surgery. These include pain, swelling, alveolitis, osteomyelitis, bleeding and osteonecrosis of the jaw.

Mónica Dahlheimer
Mónica Dahlheimer

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